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Premenstrual syndrome (PMS), what is it?

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS), what is it?



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Swollen and sore breasts, migraines, anxiety, insomnia, weight gain, irritability, acne breakouts ... are frequent manifestations that precede the arrival of your period. Perhaps you are suffering from PMS, a phenomenon that affects at least 40% of women.

The explanations of Dr. Bérengère Arnal, gynecologist-obstetrician.

What is the SPM?

  • PMS or premenstrual syndrome is a set of physical and psychological manifestations that appear before the arrival of the rules and are relieved and disappear thanks to the occurrence of the rules.
  • Regarding PMS, nearly 150 symptoms are identified. Variables from one woman to another and even from one cycle to another in the same woman, these physical and / or psychological manifestations do not happily manifest themselves simultaneously.
  • The most common manifestations of PMS are: sensitive and swollen breasts, acne breakouts, bloated belly, weight gain, heavy legs, irritability, anxiety, insomnia, sadness, tiredness, migraines, menstruation disorders ... as well as a household frenzy or spending on some women!
  • At a minimum, 40% of women experience this physical and / or psychological discomfort before the menses.

Premenstrual syndrome, why?

  • Hormonal disorders, deficiencies in minerals and vitamins (magnesium and vitamin B6 in the first place), poor management of stress and emotions, dietary imbalance, smoking, endocrine disruptors, night work ... The causes of PMS are many and varied and can accumulate.
  • The taking of certain hormone treatments insufficiently balanced as the pill, progestins, hormone treatment of menopause ... can trigger a so-called iatrogenic premenstrual syndrome.
  • PMS can appear or worsen especially at puberty and premenopause, two particular stages of hormonal life in a woman's life.
  • Outside of these physiological periods, the onset of PMS is often related to emotions and the ability to manage them. The control of the entire hormonal axis (cerebral cortex, hypothalamus, pituitary gland, ovaries) depends on brain neuro-mediators - serotonin, GABA, endorphins .... In situations of "stress" not or poorly managed, they can induce a cascade of imbalances responsible for the appearance of various symptoms, some of which are very disabling. The thyroid and adrenals are also often involved.

To read more:

Premenstrual syndrome, natural solutions

By Dr. Bérengère Arnal, gynecologist-obstetrician specialized in phytotherapy (2014, Thierry Souccar Editions): € 9.88.

Where to find it?

Frédérique Odasso